Not exactly sure what endocannabinoids are? Wondering what the difference is between broad spectrum and full spectrum? We’ve got you covered. We built the glossary below to serve as your personal hemp dictionary for you to reference as needed.
Broad spectrum hemp oil is one of the three main forms of CBD with all molecules present except for THC which is removed to be less than 0.0%.
The first naturally occurring cannabinoid to be isolated in its pure form in 1869, cannabinol (CBN), is an oxidation product of THC when exposed to heat and light. This means environmental factors control the levels of CBN in cannabis. CBN on its own is said, from the latest research, not to produce intoxicating effects.
Cannabigerol (CBG) the product activation of the “parent cannabinoid,” also known as Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Most of the CBGA in cannabis plants is broken down by enzymes which turn CBGA into either THCA, CBDA or CBCA. Those components are “activated” by light or heat energy to create THC, CBD or CBC.
Cannabichromene (CBC) is a derivative of CBG, as are THC and CBD. CBD is not psychoactive and produces no euphoric state. CBC binds very poorly to CB receptors.
CBD is the acronym for cannabidiol, which is the compound that produces the medicinal effects seen from hemp oils. CBD is not psychoactive and produces no euphoric state. CBD studies do show a range of health benefits leading to many clinical trials in progress currently.
CBD Isolate (>98% CBD by potency) is a crystalline solid or powder form of CBD. It is the purest form in which CBD can be made available for formulations. It has been used for several Investigational New Drug (IND) applications.
Full spectrum hemp oil is one of the three main forms of CBD with all molecules present including THC up to 0.3%.
Hemp is often confused with marijuana, as they both belong to the Cannabis Sativa L. species, and the two terms are used interchangeably. However, they are different in composition (chemotype) and their applications. While marijuana is mainly used for recreational and medical purposes, hemp can be found as an ingredient in dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, building, and other accessories.
Hemp pellets are developed for animals from our post-extraction hemp biomass. The pellets can be mixed in with veterinarian-formulated food that’s easily digestible for horses, pocket pets, farm animals, birds, and more.
For hemp to be considered organic, it must be grown and cultivated under certain conditions. Organic hemp farms are located across the United States under strict regulations by the Department of Agriculture, the Organic Food Production Act, USDA organic regulations, and the National Organic Program.
There are 113 known phytocannabinoids in a cannabis plant, including CBD and CBG. Phytocannabinoids attach to cannabinoid receptors inside the human body as a key fits into a lock. A cannabinoid unlocks a cannabinoid receptor and initiates changes in cells that can produce a wide range of beneficial processes.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or Delta-9-THC, is the most well-known cannabinoid taken from the cannabis plant, mainly because of the psychoactive impact it has when binding with cannabinoid receptors. In addition to the psychoactive component, there are known medicinal benefits similar to other cannabinoids, such as treatment for PTSD and anxiety, inflammation, neuropathic and chronic pain, glaucoma, and sleep disorders. Despite the benefits, THC is still classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance by the U.S. Federal Government.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is a psychoactive cannabinoid but does not work in the same way as THC. It is not found in high amounts in Cannabis plants.
Terpenes are responsible for giving Cannabis its fragrant scent. Terpenes give each retail strain of Cannabis its distinct smell and usually is part of the reason for a strain’s name. The fragrant oils are secreted from the Cannabis plant’s resin glands, which also produce the THC, CBD, CBC, and other cannabinoids. A few examples of terpenes in our products include beta-carophyllene, carophyllene oxide, guaiol, and linalool.
Water Soluble CBD
CBD oil may take the form of water soluble liquids or powders. Since oil and water do not mix, CBD oil is transformed into an emulsified liquid or powder that can be dissolved in water to manufacture stable finished products or for direct consumption.